Donald Trump is the 45th American president who is full of controversy, Donald Trump impeachment is the first American president to face twice impeachments.
Even though he has now stepped down from the presidency replaced by Joe Biden who won the 2020 election and succeeded in becoming the 46th president of America. But the news of Donald Trump’s impeachment is still an issue that has graced a number of headlines.
Trump’s impeachment for the second on accusations that Trump provoked the crowds on the stampede of Capitol Hill. It is known that Donald Trump did not accept the election results, and he believes that the election is fraudulent.
He claims many votes were lost in the campaign zone which he believes has the most supporters.
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Donald Trump impeachment meaning!
Impeachment is a process by which a legislative body sues a government official. Impeachment does not always result in dismissal. It is more of prosecution and statement of charges, similar to an indictment in criminal law.
The impeached official will face possible penalties through a legislative vote, the assessment of which requires removal from office.
Because impeachment and conviction of an official involve overturning normal constitutional procedure which results in individuals reaching high office (election, ratification, or appointment).
And because they generally require a super majority (the acquisition of a majority vote that accounts for more than half of the total votes), these procedures are usually reserved for those who are deemed to have committed serious violations of their position.
Reason for Trump Impeachment
The President of the United States Donald Trump was impeached by the House of Representatives (HOR).
There are two charges that cause Donald Trump to face impeachment, the first reason is the abuse of power and the second reason obstructs the US Congress.
Impeachment means the process, method, act of impeachment. This means that President Donald Trump will be demoted as President of the United States.
What will the Senate do with the impeachment?
The House of Representatives (HOR) is the only agency with the power to impeach federal officials, and the Senate is the only agency with the ability to convict and transfer them.
Article of impeachment (in the form of an indictment) can be filed by a member of the HOS. The US House of Representatives Judiciary Committee is often tasked with investigating allegations brought against these officials, and the House requires a simple majority vote (218 out of 435 members) to approve the impeachment article.
If the US House of Representatives votes to impeach the official, members of the US House of Representatives are elected to take the case to the Senate, which holds a trial. Each party can call witnesses and provide evidence, and the impeached official can defend himself with his own lawyer.
If the official is the President of the United States, then the chairman of the Supreme Court oversees the trial.
If not, the Vice President of the United States does, because he is also the President of the Senate.
The Senate needs a two-thirds majority (67 votes) to convict the official and leave the office.
What is the basis of impeachment?
Article II, Part 4 of the US Constitution provides that a person can be impeached and removed from office if found guilty of “treason, bribery, or other serious crimes and minor offenses.” The latter is the most extensive and has been the subject of debate for years.
When trying to impeach the Chief Justice in 1970, former President Gerald Ford, then a member of the House of Representatives, said an offense that can lead to impeachment is anything deemed an offense that qualifies for impeachment by the majority of the House of Representatives at the time certain in history.
Trump impeachment why?
Donald Trump is the American president who has been impeached twice, he set a record in American history to become a president with a bad record because of this impeachment.
But why was Donald Trump impeached? Here is the reason.
Trump impeachment first!
Reporting from news portal CNBC, Donald Trump’s first impeachment because he abused power.
From the investigation, Trump was caught asking the White House to withhold a military budget of US $400 million which is a security assistance fund to Ukraine on July 18, 2019.
September 24, 2019 – A motion not believe emerges to Trump that begins with a whistleblower report to parliament which objected to Trump’s phone calls on 30 calls to leaders of countries including Ukraine.
In a vote that took place in the US Congress, 187 members of the House of Representatives supported the impeachment process out of a total of 235 members.
December 18, 2019-Trump is officially impeached by the US House of Representatives. In a vote held on Wednesday, December 18 2019 at US time, the majority of the House of Representatives approved Trump’s impeachment.
Voting is carried out in two articles, namely the abuse of power and attempts to obstruct the congress. In voting on the abuse of power, members of parliament agree this article consists of 230 people while those who rejected it are 197.
In the second article, the majority of the parliament also agreed that Trump had obstructed the congress.
Donald Trump’s 2nd impeachment!
In the Trump second impeachment, the reason for the US House of Representatives was that Trump had incited the mass of his supporters which resulted in the attack on the parliament building on Capitol Hill on Wednesday, January 6, 2021.
The seditious allegations began when Trump urged his supporters to “peacefully and patriotically” have their voices heard but also to “fight with all their might” against a presidential election deemed fraudulent and illegitimate.
Trump apparently did not accept his defeat against President-elect Joe Biden. This caused his supporters to also not accept his defeat so that they tried to protest which ended up becoming anarchists.
Following Trump’s statement, his supporters burst into the Capitol building, forcing lawmakers to suspend the certification of election results.
Five people died in the attack!
Trump’s supporters’ protests sparked chaos and five people died in the siege incident. Victims died of gunshot wounds.
Deemed inciting, Trump’s social media accounts were immediately suspended by related parties. Twitter, Facebook, and Google were among the ones that suspended Trump’s social media accounts.
Meanwhile, cabinet secretaries who worked during the Trump administration also began resigning as a result of the incident.
Trump impeachment process!
Donald Trump’s second impeachment process begins on January 25, 202. It’s the time the US House of Representatives sends Trump’s impeachment article to the Senate.
The impeachment article contains charges against Trump, who are said to have instigated riots during the attack on the Capitol Building on January 6.
Trump’s second impeachment in the Senate was opposed by a number of Republican senators. According to them, this trial is counterproductive because Trump is no longer president.
In order to impeach Trump in the Senate, Democrats need at least 17 support from Republican senators. If Trump is impeached in the Senate, he will be threatened with no longer holding public office. Including applying for the 2024 election.
The impeachment trial against former President Donald Trump began after the US Senate approved and considered the trial constitutional. Senators are voting if Trump can be impeached. Even though he has left the office for almost a month.
The vote ended with a ratio of 56 to 44, with six Republican senators joining the Democrats.
The impeachment attempt failed?
While the US Senate’s approval indicates a bipartisan decision. The slim result also emphasizes that Republican’s support for Trump is strong enough.
That would allow the 45th president to escape impeachment for a second time because removing the president requires two-thirds of the support needed from the US Senate.
A recent report launched from MSN USA today stated that the senate released Donald Trump at a trial impeachment event with a 57-43 vote of the Senate voted to punish Trump.
The result of this vote is less than the two-thirds majority required for punishment. Seven Republicans are joined by 50 lawmakers who are in power with Democrats.
The second impeachment trial failed again after a year ago Donald Trump also experienced trial impeachment related to the abuse of power involving the Ukrainian state leader.
Does impeachment remove the president?
The impeachment process takes place in two stages. The initial phase begins in the US House of Representatives.
In order for the impeachment process to pass to the next stage. This requires the approval of a majority of the members of the House of Representatives by vote.
If the majority of the House of Representative members approve. The process continues in the US Senate — where the trial will be held. However, it will take at least two-thirds of the entire Senate to remove the president.
Therefore, throughout the history of the impeachment of the president has never reached the previous requirements in US history. Never before has a president of the United States been overthrown for impeachment.
Trump impeachment what happens next?
First Trump’s committee of investigators assigns an assessment in the House of Representatives to the judicial committee which then determines the impeachment.
If there is insufficient evidence of a violation of the constitution then the president remains in office. But if there is sufficient evidence of wrongdoing the House of Representatives will hold a vote on the provisions of impeachment.
Then the next process is if the voting results are that the majority do not support the impeachment. The president will remain in office. But if the voting result is more than 51% in favor of the impeachment of the president and the trial begins in the senate.
If the impeachment trial in the senate results in a vote of less than two-thirds of the votes. The Senate decides to impeach Trump and stay in office. But if more than two-thirds of the vote or 67% of the votes are in favor of impeachment. The vice president will replace Trump due to his removal from office.
The impeachment of American presidents in history, who are they?
It is not only Donald Trump as president of the United States who faces impeachment.
In addition to Trump being the first president to face two impeachments with an interval of only 13 months from the first impeachment.
There are three presidents of the United States who have faced impeachment by the House of Representatives in American history..
President Bill Clinton is one of the United States presidents who faced impeachment proceedings in 2018.
The impeachment proceedings were based on allegations that he had committed a sex scandal with a White House intern. The name is Monica Lewinsky.
The allegations are not directly related to his guilt in the sex scandal with 22-year-old Monica Lewinsky. But Bill Clinton’s impeachment was more on the pretext that he had lied under oath and encouraged others to admit to the allegations in the case.
Bill Clinton previously said that he did not have sexual relations with Monica Lewinsky in January 1998. Before admitting months later that he had.
But on February 12, 1999, the Senate acquitted Clinton 55-45 on perjury. With 10 Republicans joining all Democrats, and 50-50 on obstruction charges, with five Republicans joining Democrats.
President Richard M Nixon’s impeachment process began because of the Watergate scandal. It begins in 1972 when Nixon’s associates broke into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee. They are coordinating major efforts to influence the upcoming elections.
The judicial committee of the House of Representatives initiated the Impeachment on October 30, 1973.
The judiciary committee approved three articles of President Nixon’s impeachment. The reason is obstructing justice, abuse of power, and insulting Congress. And referring them to the HOR floor in July 1974.
But President Richard Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974, before HOR could finish the trial and vote for impeachment.
President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment proceedings were not due to a specific breach of the law. But because of the widespread power struggle between the White House and Congress.
Johnson was Abraham Lincoln’s Vice President and became president when Lincoln was assassinated. He has spent most of his tenure clashing with the Republican-controlled Congress on Reconstruction.
Among other things, he vetoed the Freedmen Bureau bill and the Civil Rights Act of 1866. That aimed to grant former slaves US citizenship. Congress then canceled its veto of the Civil Rights Act.
In March 1868, the House of Representatives approved 11 articles of impeachment against Johnson.
His main charge was that he violated the Tenure of Office Act of 1867. At the time Congress had imposed in an explicit attempt to prevent him from firing Lincoln’s pro-Reconstruction official.
The law stated that the president needed Senate approval to fire a Senate-confirmed executive officer. And Johnson countered by firing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.
In May 1868, Johnson got one vote after being removed from office. He serves the rest of his term in office, less than a year.
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